EP202 - Socioeconomic Disadvantage and Impact on Visual Outcomes in Patients with Viral Retinitis and Retinal Detachment

ZHOU Ashley

ONG Sally

AHMED Ishrat

AREVALO J. Fernando

CAI Cindy



While socioeconomic disparities impact clinical care and patient outcomes, their impact on the anatomic and visual outcomes of retinal detachment in patients with viral retinitis is unstudied.


This case series included 19 eyes in 19 patients from a single academic institution between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2018. Patient characteristics including age, sex, race, ethnicity, insurance, immunosuppression, viral retinitis, retinal detachment, retinal detachment repair, visual and anatomic outcomes, missed appointments, and Area Deprivation Index [ADI] were collected. The low-ADI group, indicating less socioeconomic disadvantage, was comprised of twelve patients with national ADIs less than 38, and the high-ADI group of six patients with national ADIs greater than 38.


High-ADI patients tended to be younger (average age 38.0 versus 51.3; P=0.06), of female sex (P=0.03), and had more missed appointments (median 11.0 vs 0; P=0.002). A similar number of patients in both the high-ADI and low-ADI groups underwent pars plana vitrectomy alone or pars plana vitrectomy with scleral buckle. Visual acuity was similar in the high-ADI group than in the low-ADI group at baseline, but worse at the final follow-up visit (P=0.004). Post-operative and final visit ocular hypotony were more common in the high-ADI group (P=0.02).


In our series, socioeconomic disadvantage negatively affects the visual outcomes in patients with viral retinitis associated-retinal detachments. These factors should be considered by ophthalmologists when treating these patients.

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